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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1976 Jan 21;419(2):271-84.

Lipid composition and protein profiles of outer and inner membranes from pig heart mitochondria. Comparison with microsomes.

Abstract

1. Mitochondria, inner and outer mitochondrial membranes and microsomes were isolated and purified from pig heart. Their lipid composition and protein components were studied. 2. The fatty acid distribution in the main phospholipids seemed specific rather of a given phospholipid and not of one type of membrane. 3. Inner mitochondrial membranes were characterized by a high content in cardiolipin and a very low level of triglycerides together with a high degree of unsaturation and C18 acids. Gel electrophoresis revealed 13 different polypeptide subunits of which 5 were major ranging in molecular weights from 10000 to 215000. 4. In outer mitochondrial membranes, total lipid, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, plasmologen and triglyceride contents were much higher than in inner membranes. Fatty acids of phospholipids were mostly saturated and the polypeptide pattern showed 12 components, of which 4 were major of mol. wt 75000, 60000, 20000 and below 10000. 5. Compared to outer membrane, microsomes exhibited a much higher cholesterol content and markedly different protein profiles. They contained significant amounts of cardiolipin and phosphatidylserine, this latter phospholipid being exclusively located in microsomes. However odd similarities were observed in some lipid components of microsomes and inner mitochondrial membranes, but fatty acids were more saturated in microsomes and electrophoretic profiles of protein components appeared very different and revealed components of high mol. wt.

PMID:
1247555
DOI:
10.1016/0005-2736(76)90353-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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