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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1976 Jan 19;418(2):175-83.

The binding site for coat protein on bacteriophage Qbeta RNA.


The site of interaction of phage Qbeta coat protein with Qbeta RNA was determined by ribonuclease T1 degradation of complexes of coat protein and [32P]-RNA obtained by codialysis of the components from urea into buffer solutions. The degraded complexes were recovered by filtration through nitrocellulose filters, and bound [32P]RNA fragments were extracted and separated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Fingerprinting and further sequence analysis established that the three main fragments obtained (chain lengths 88, 71 and 27 nucleotides) all consist of sequences extending from the intercistronic region to the beginning of the replicase cistron. These results suggest that in the replication of Qbeta, as in the case of R17, coat protein acts as a translational repressor by binding to the ribosomal initiation site of the replicase cistron.

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