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J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Dec 18;50(26):7530-5.

Characterization of antioxidants present in bitter tea (Ligustrum pedunculare).

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1
Food and Nutritional Science Programme, Department of Biochemistry, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China. zhenyuchen@cuhk.edu.hk

Abstract

The present study examined the antioxidants present in bitter tea (Ligustrum pedunculare). It was found that the crude glycoside fraction strongly protected human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) from oxidation. Further column chromatography led to purification of eight phenylethanoid or monoterpene glycosides: lipedoside A-I, lipedoside A-II, lipedoside B-I, lipedoside B-III, lipedoside B-V, lipedoside B-VI, osmanthuside B, and anatolioside. It was found that lipedoside A-I, lipedoside A-II, lipedoside B-V, and lipedoside B-VI were protective, whereas the other four compounds did not protect human LDL from Cu(2+)-medicated oxidation. Lipedoside A-I, lipedoside A-II, lipedoside B-V, and lipedoside B-VI also had a scavenging effect on 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl free radical (DPPH), comparable to that of alpha-tocopherol. The inhibitory effect of these four phenylethanoid or monoterpene glycosides on oxidation of human LDL and alpha-tocopherol was dose-dependent at concentrations of 5-40 microM. The present results demonstrate that bitter tea as a beverage contains effective antioxidants that may have benefits similar to those of green tea in terms of antioxidant activity.

PMID:
12475266
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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