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Lancet Oncol. 2002 Dec;3(12):748-54.

FHIT: from gene discovery to cancer treatment and prevention.

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1
Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, PA 19107, USA.

Abstract

Chromosomal abnormalities, including homozygous deletions and loss of heterozygosity, are among the most common features of human tumours. The short arm of human chromosome 3, particularly the region 3p14.2, is a major site of such rearrangements. The 3p14.2 region spans the most active common fragile site of the human genome, encompassing a familial-kidney-cancer-associated breakpoint and a papilloma virus integration site. 6 years ago, the FHIT gene was identified in this region. Subsequent studies have shown that FHIT is commonly the target of chromosomal aberrations involving the long arm of human chromosome 3 and is thereby inactivated in most of the common human malignant diseases, including cancers of the lung, oesophagus, stomach, breast, and kidney. During the past 5 years, evidence has accumulated in support of a tumour-suppressor function for FHIT. In this review, we describe the recent findings in the molecular biology of FHIT with particular focus on the opportunities for treatment and prevention of cancer that have emerged.

PMID:
12473516
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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