Send to

Choose Destination
Biochem Pharmacol. 2003 Jan 1;65(1):83-90.

Inhibition of acetylcholine-mediated effects by borneol.

Author information

Department of Life Science, Division of Molecular and Life Science, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, South Korea


We previously reported that the aqueous extract from a medicinal plant Dryobalanops aromatica specifically inhibits the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) (Oh et al. Pharmacol Res 2000;42(6):559-64). Here, the effect of borneol, the main constituent of D. aromatica, on nAChR activity was investigated in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Borneol inhibited a nAChR agonist 1,1-dimethyl-4-phenylpiperazinium iodide (DMPP)-induced calcium increase with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of 56+/-9 microM. In contrast, borneol did not affect the calcium increases induced by high K+, veratridine, and bradykinin. The sodium increase induced by DMPP was also inhibited by borneol with similar potency (49+/-12 microM), suggesting that the activity of nAChRs is inhibited by borneol. Borneol inhibited DMPP-induced secretion of [3H]norepinephrine with an IC(50) of 70+/-12 microM. Carbon-fiber amperometry also confirmed the inhibition of DMPP-induced exocytosis by borneol in single chromaffin cells. [3H]nicotine binding, however, was not affected by borneol. The inhibitory effect by borneol is more potent than the effect by lidocaine, a commonly used local anesthetic. The data suggest that borneol specifically inhibits the nAChR-mediated effects in a noncompetitive way.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center