Send to

Choose Destination
J Immunol. 2002 Dec 15;169(12):6831-41.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma-mediated NF-kappa B activation and apoptosis in pre-B cells.

Author information

Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02118, USA.


The role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) in adipocyte physiology has been exploited for the treatment of diabetes. The expression of PPARgamma in lymphoid organs and its modulation of macrophage inflammatory responses, T cell proliferation and cytokine production, and B cell proliferation also implicate it in immune regulation. Despite significant human exposure to PPARgamma agonists, little is known about the consequences of PPARgamma activation in the developing immune system. Here, well-characterized models of B lymphopoiesis were used to investigate the effects of PPARgamma ligands on nontransformed pro/pre-B (BU-11) and transformed immature B (WEHI-231) cell development. Treatment of BU-11, WEHI-231, or primary bone marrow B cells with PPARgamma agonists (ciglitazone and GW347845X) resulted in rapid apoptosis. A role for PPARgamma and its dimerization partner, retinoid X receptor (RXR)alpha, in death signaling was supported by 1) the expression of RXRalpha mRNA and cytosolic PPARgamma protein, 2) agonist-induced binding of PPARgamma to a PPRE, and 3) synergistic increases in apoptosis following cotreatment with PPARgamma agonists and 9-cis-retinoic acid, an RXRalpha agonist. PPARgamma agonists activated NF-kappaB (p50, Rel A, c-Rel) binding to the upstream kappaB regulatory element site of c-myc. Only doses of agonists that induced apoptosis stimulated NF-kappaB-DNA binding. Cotreatment with 9-cis-retinoic acid and PPARgamma agonists decreased the dose required to activate NF-kappaB. These data suggest that activation of PPARgamma-RXR initiates a potent apoptotic signaling cascade in B cells, potentially through NF-kappaB activation. These results have implications for the nominal role of the PPARgamma in B cell development and for the use of PPARgamma agonists as immunomodulatory therapeutics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center