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Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2003 Jan;284(1):L100-7.

Coordinate regulation of membrane cAMP by Ca2+-inhibited adenylyl cyclase and phosphodiesterase activities.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Mobile, AL 36688, USA.


Activation of store-operated Ca(2+) entry inhibits type 6 adenylyl cyclase (EC; AC(6); Yoshimura M and Cooper DM. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89: 6712-6720, 1992) activity in pulmonary artery endothelial cells. However, in lung microvascular endothelial cells (PMVEC), which express AC(6) and turn over cAMP at a rapid rate, inhibition of global (whole cell) cAMP is not resolved after direct activation of store-operated Ca(2+) entry using thapsigargin. Present studies sought to determine whether the high constitutive phosphodiesterase activity in PMVECs rapidly hydrolyzes cAMP so that Ca(2+) inhibition of AC(6) is difficult to resolve. Direct stimulation of adenylyl cyclase using forskolin and inhibition of type 4 phosphodiesterases using rolipram increased cAMP and revealed Ca(2+) inhibition of AC(6). Enzyme activity was assessed using PMVEC membranes, where Ca(2+) and cAMP concentrations were independently controlled. Endogenous AC(6) activity exhibited high- and low-affinity Ca(2+) inhibition, similar to that observed in C6-2B cells, which predominantly express AC(6). Ca(2+) inhibition of AC(6) in PMVEC membranes was observed after enzyme activation and inhibition of phosphodiesterase activity and was independent of the free cAMP concentration. Thus, under basal conditions, the constitutive type 4 phosphodiesterase activity rapidly hydrolyzes cAMP so that Ca(2+) inhibition of AC(6) is difficult to resolve, indicating that high phosphodiesterase activity works coordinately with AC(6) to regulate membrane-delimited cAMP concentrations, which is important for control of cell-cell apposition.

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