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J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2002 Nov-Dec;11(6):587-94.

American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form, patient self-report section: reliability, validity, and responsiveness.

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Department of Physical Therapy, Virginia Commonwealth University-Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, VA 23298, USA.


The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form (ASES), patient self-report section. Patients with shoulder dysfunction (n = 63) completed the ASES, The University of Pennsylvania Shoulder Score, and the Short Form-36 during the initial evaluation, 24 to 72 hours after the initial visit, and after 3 to 4 weeks of physical therapy. The test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient[1-way random-effects], 0.84; 95% CI lower limit, 0.75) and internal consistency (Cronbach alpha, 0.86) values were acceptable. The standard error of the measure was 6.7 ASES points (90% CI, 11.0). Construct and discriminant validity was demonstrated. Responsiveness was demonstrated with a standardized response mean of 1.5 and an effect size of 1.4. The minimal detectable change was 9.7 ASES points (90% CI, 16), and the minimal clinically important difference was 6.4 ASES points. The results indicate that the ASES is a reliable, valid, and responsive outcome tool.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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