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BMJ. 2002 Dec 7;325(7376):1334.

Association between bacterial vaginosis or chlamydial infection and miscarriage before 16 weeks' gestation: prospective community based cohort study.

Author information

  • 1Department of General Practice and Primary Care, St George's Hospital Medical School, London SW17 0RE. oakeshot@sghms.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To assess whether bacterial vaginosis or chlamydial infection before 10 weeks' gestation is associated with miscarriage before 16 weeks.

DESIGN:

Prospective cohort study.

SETTING:

32 general practices and five family planning clinics in south London.

PARTICIPANTS:

1216 pregnant women, mean age 31, presenting before 10 weeks' gestation.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Prevalence of miscarriage before 16 weeks' gestation.

RESULTS:

121 of 1214 women (10.0%, 95% confidence interval 8.3% to 11.7%) miscarried before 16 weeks. 174 of 1201 women (14.5%, 12.5% to 16.5%) had bacterial vaginosis. Compared with women who were negative for bacterial vaginosis those who were positive had a relative risk of miscarriage before 16 weeks' gestation of 1.2 (0.7 to 1.9). Bacterial vaginosis was, however, associated with miscarriage in the second trimester at 13-15 weeks (3.5, 1.2 to 10.3). Only 29 women (2.4%, 1.5% to 3.3%) had chlamydial infection, of whom one miscarried (0.32, 0.04 to 2.30).

CONCLUSION:

Bacterial vaginosis is not strongly predictive of early miscarriage but may be a predictor after 13 weeks' gestation. The prevalence of Chlamydia was too low to assess the risk, but it is unlikely to be a major risk factor in pregnant women.

PMID:
12468483
PMCID:
PMC137811
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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