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Semin Cell Dev Biol. 2002 Dec;13(6):425-31.

The role of non-parenchymal cells in liver growth.

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Centre for Hepatology, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Rowland Hill Street, Hampstead, NW3 2PF, London, UK.


The main non-parenchymal cells of the liver, Kupffer cells, sinusoidal endothelial cells and stellate cells, participate in liver growth with respect to both their own proliferation, and effects on hepatocyte proliferation. In the well-characterised paradigm of 70% partial hepatectomy, they undergo DNA synthesis and cell division 20-24h later than the hepatocyte population. They exert both positive and negative influences on hepatocyte proliferation, including provision of an extracellular matrix-bound reservoir of hepatocyte growth factor that is activated after damage; priming of hepatocytes for DNA synthesis through rapid generation of TNF-alpha and IL-6; and generation of factors at later time points that curb hepatocyte DNA synthesis (IL-1, TGF-beta) and initiate reconstruction and reformation of matrix proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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