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Heredity (Edinb). 2002 Dec;89(6):460-4.

Sex-dependent synaptic behaviour in triploid turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (Pisces, Scophthalmidae).

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Departamento de Genética, Facultad de Biología, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain.


A surface-spreading synaptonemal complex (SC) technique was used to analyse spermatocytes and oocytes of triploid turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) in order to visualise the process of chromosome synapsis. The most conspicuous characteristic of triploid oocytes is that, in the trivalents, the lateral elements of the SC were frequently associated in threes, either completely along the length of the trivalent, or partially, forming a variety of forked structures. In these nuclei, synapsis usually occurred among homologous chromosomes and the number of bivalents observed was significantly higher than that expected under the assumption of random chromosome association among all partners. However, the frequency of trivalents was very low in triploid spermatocytes, triple synapsis being also scarce. In these nuclei chromosomes that were excluded from homologous synapsis become engaged in random SC formation, and, therefore a considerable number of non-homologous associations are produced. The causes of the synaptic differences observed in triploid males and females of turbot and their possible relation to the sterility displayed by these animals are discussed.

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