Send to

Choose Destination
Mech Dev. 2002 Dec;119(2):191-200.

Xhex-expressing endodermal tissues are essential for anterior patterning in Xenopus.

Author information

Section of Gene Function and Regulation, Institute of Cancer Research, 237 Fulham Road, London SW3 6JB, UK.


Two regions expressing Hex in the early gastrula contribute to organizing the anterior of the vertebrate embryo. In Xenopus, these include the anterior yolky endoderm and the suprablastoporal endoderm (SBE), which is fated to form the epithelial lining of the gut. These tissues may correspond to the anterior visceral endoderm and anterior definitive endoderm of amniotes. Genetic studies in mice have demonstrated the important roles of these tissues in producing anterior identity in the adjacent neural ectoderm. In Xenopus, both the anterior endoderm and the SBE have anterior inducing properties; furthermore, the SBE can organize a full anterior-posterior axis. Inhibition of Xhex function shows that both these Xhex-expressing endodermal tissues are required for anterior development in Xenopus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center