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Neurochem Res. 2002 Oct;27(10):1245-53.

Proteomic profiling and neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease.

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Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Sakyoku, Kyoto, Japan.


Quantitative proteome analysis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains was performed using 2-D gels to identify disease specific changes in protein expression. The task of characterizing the proteome and its components is now practically achievable because of the development and integration of four important tools: protein, EST, and complete genome sequence databases, mass spectrometry, matching software for protein sequences and protein separation technology. Mass spectrometry (MS) instrumentation has undergone a tremendous change over the past decade, culminating in the development of highly sensitive, robust instruments that can reliably analyze biomolecules, particularly proteins and peptides; we identified 35 proteins from over 100 protein spots on a 2-D gel. Using this current technology, protein-expression profiling, which is actually a specialized form of mining, is an important principal application of proteomics. The information obtained has tremendous potential as a means of determining the pathogenesis, and detecting disease markers and potential targets for drug therapy in AD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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