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Neurochem Res. 2002 Oct;27(10):1105-12.

cDNA microarray analysis of changes in gene expression induced by neuronal hypoxia in vitro.

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1
Buck Institute for Age Research, Novato, CA 94945, USA.

Abstract

We used cDNA microarray gene expression profiling to characterize the transcriptional response to exposure of cultured mouse cerebral cortical neurons to hypoxia for 24 hr. Of 11,200 genes examined, 1,405 (12.5%) were induced or repressed at least 1.5-fold, whereas 26 known genes were induced and 20 known genes were repressed at least 2.5-fold. The most strongly induced genes included genes coding for endoplasmic reticulum proteins (Ero1L/Giig11, Sac1p, Ddit3/Gadd153), proteins involved in ubiquitination (Arih2, P4hb), proteins induced by hypoxia in non-neuronal systems (Gpi1, Aldo1, Anxa2, Hig1), and proteins that might promote cell death (Gas5, Egr1, Ndr1, Vdac2). These findings reinforce the importance of endoplasmic reticulum-based mechanisms and of protein-ubiquitination pathways in the neuronal response to hypoxia.

PMID:
12462408
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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