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Nat Rev Cancer. 2002 Dec;2(12):938-50.

Oncolytic viruses.

Author information

1
Molecular Neuro-Oncology Laboratories, Neurosurgery Service, Massachusetts General Hospital, East Building, 13th Street, Bldg 149, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA. chioccahelix.mgh.harvard.edu.

Abstract

Although the cytotoxic effects of viruses are usually viewed in terms of pathogenicity, it is possible to harness this activity for therapeutic purposes. Viral genomes are highly versatile, and can be modified to direct their cytotoxicity towards cancer cells. These viruses are known as oncolytic viruses. How are viruses engineered to become tumour specific, and can they be used to safely treat cancer in humans?

PMID:
12459732
DOI:
10.1038/nrc948
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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