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J Med Chem. 2002 Dec 5;45(25):5448-57.

Antitumor imidazotetrazines. 40. Radiosyntheses of [4-11C-carbonyl]- and [3-N-11C-methyl]-8-carbamoyl-3-methylimidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazin-4(3H)-one (temozolomide) for positron emission tomography (PET) studies.

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MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NN, UK.


8-Carbamoyl-3-methylimidazo[5,1-d]-1,2,3,5-tetrazin-4(3H)-one (temozolomide, 1) is an anticancer prodrug. As part of investigations to probe its postulated mode of action using PET we have developed two rapid radiosynthetic routes for the preparation of temozolomide labeled with the short-lived positron emitter, carbon-11 (t(1/2) = 20.4 min). Reaction of 5-diazoimidazole-4-carboxamide (7) with the novel labeling agent [(11)C-methyl]methyl isocyanate (8) gave [3-N-(11)C-methyl]temozolomide (9) in 14-20% radiochemical yield from [(11)C-methyl]methyl isocyanate (8) (decay corrected). The position of radiolabeling in the 3-N-methyl group was confirmed by [(11/13)C]colabeling and subsequent carbon-13 NMR spectroscopy. Similarly, the reaction of 5-diazoimidazole-4-carboxamide (7) with [(11)C-carbonyl]methyl isocyanate (10) gave [4-(11)C-carbonyl]temozolomide (11) in 10-15% radiochemical yield from [(11)C-carbonyl]methyl isocyanate (10) (decay corrected). Apyrogenic samples of [3-N-(11)C-methyl]temozolomide (9) and [4-(11)C-carbonyl]temozolomide (11), with good chemical and radiochemical purities, have been prepared and used in human PET studies.

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