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J Antibiot (Tokyo). 2002 Sep;55(9):794-800.

Endophenazines A-D, new phenazine antibiotics from the arthropod associated endosymbiont Streptomyces anulatus. I. Taxonomy, fermentation, isolation and biological activities.


Four new members of the phenazine family, endophenazines A-D, and the already known phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (tubermycin B) were detected in the culture broth of various endosymbiotic Streptomyces anulatus strains by chemical screening in a combination of TLC-staining reagents and HPLC-diode array analysis. The endosymbiotic strains were isolated from four different arthropod hosts at various sites. The new phenazine compounds showed antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive bacteria and some filamentous fungi, and herbicidal activity against Lemna minor (duckweed).

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