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J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2002 Dec;22(6):599-609.

Review of the use of topiramate for treatment of bipolar disorders.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Bipolar Disorder Clinic and Research Program, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75390-9070, USA. Trisha.Suppes@UTSouthwestern.edu

Abstract

Lithium alone or in combination with other psychotherapeutic drugs has long been the gold standard of management for bipolar disorder (BD). Recognition of its limitations in the acute and chronic management of BD has led to the development of alternative therapies. One such approach involves the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The AED topiramate is currently being studied in the efficacy and management of BD. Topiramate has mechanisms in common with other AEDs, including sodium channel-blocking activity and enhancement of cerebral GABA concentrations. Open-label trials have evaluated topiramate at mean daily doses of 100 to 300 mg in various BD subtypes, including acute mania, depression, rapid-cycling, mixed states, and BD refractory to other medications. Results from these trials suggest topiramate may be efficacious in BD subtypes, particularly in rapid-cycling patients and those refractory to conventional treatment. Its side effect profile appears benign when used as monotherapy or in combination with other mood stabilizers. Placebo-controlled, double-blind studies are warranted to evaluate topiramate further in BD.

PMID:
12454560
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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