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Prev Med. 2002 Oct;35(4):376-82.

Sources of dietary fat in middle schools.

Author information

  • 1University of California, San Diego, Community Pediatrics Division, La Jolla 92093, USA. mzive@ucsd.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The current study uses an ecological approach to describe the food environment at 24 middle schools and multiple food sources' dietary fat contribution.

METHODS:

Five consecutive days were sampled for collection of school meals, a la carte, and student store data. Bag lunch contents were observed on 3 days. Measurement included grams of saturated and total fat plus sales or participation data.

RESULTS:

Average total fat grams per meal were 21 g (SD = 2) for bag lunches, 14 g (SD = 5) for Type A breakfast, and 31 g (SD = 8) for Type A lunches. Average fat grams per item were 13 g (SD = 3) for a la carte and 6 g (SD = 2) for student stores. Students purchased or brought to school a mean of 26 g (SD = 3) of total and 8 g (SD = 1) of saturated fat. Contributions to total fat grams were 42% by Type A lunches, 27% by a la carte foods, 25% by bag lunches, 3% by Type A breakfast, and 2% by student stores. Findings for saturated fat were similar.

CONCLUSIONS:

Middle school students eat excessive amounts of fat at school, and multiple sources of food must be considered to understand the school food environment.

PMID:
12453715
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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