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Prev Med. 2002 Oct;35(4):362-8.

Sociodemographic predictors of pap test receipt, currency and knowledge among Australian women.

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VicHealth Centre for Tobacco Control, Cancer Control Research Institute, Cancer Council Victoria, Carlton South, Australia.



Knowledge of sociodemographic variations in cervical cancer screening can help identify population groups at risk of underutilization of cervical cancer procedures and practices. The aim of this research was to examine sociodemographic predictors of receipt, currency (being up-to-date for), and knowledge of Pap test.


We used data from the 1995 National Health Survey. A subsample of women was given self-administered questionnaires that included questions about the Pap test. The sample size was 7,572. Using multiple logistic regression, we examined the association of age, marital status, region of residence, country of birth, Index of Relative Socioeconomic Disadvantage (IRSD), and education with Pap test receipt, currency, and knowledge.


Women under 30 and over 49 years of age, those not presently married, those with lower levels of education, and those born in the Middle East or Asia (compared with the Australian/New Zealand-born women) were at a greater risk of not receiving and having no knowledge of Pap test.


The results of this study suggest that, as part of a comprehensive cancer screening strategy, women who are unlikely to obtain a Pap smear might benefit from targeted interventions to improve adherence to cervical cancer screening programs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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