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Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2002 Dec 7;54(12):1627-56.

Neuroinflammation and anti-inflammatory therapy for Alzheimer's disease.

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  • 1Department of Neurobiology, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 603, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.


Neuroinflammation is now recognized as a prominent feature in Alzheimer's pathology and a potential target for therapy aimed at treatment and prevention of disease. This review provides a synopsis of current information about cellular and molecular mediators involved in Alzheimer's neuroinflammation as well as interactions between these mediators that influence pathology. Anti-inflammatory therapies, particularly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, are considered from experimental and clinical perspectives and potential mechanisms underlying their apparent benefits are discussed. Finally, possible protective effects of the inflammatory response in Alzheimer's are described. Taken all together, evidence presented in this review suggests a scheme for Alzheimer's pathogenesis, with neuroinflammation playing a crucial role influencing and linking beta-amyloid deposition to neuronal damage and clinical disease.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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