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Phytochemistry. 2002 Dec;61(7):867-72.

Prenylated flavonoids of the leaves of Macaranga conifera with inhibitory activity against cyclooxygenase-2.

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Program for Collaborative Research in the Pharmaceutical Sciences and Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 833 South Wood Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.


Two prenylated flavonoid derivatives, 5-hydroxy-4'-methoxy-2",2"-dimethylpyrano-(7,8:6",5")flavanone (1) and 5,4'-dihydroxy-[2"-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)dihydrofurano]-(7,8:5",4")flavanone (2), were isolated from an ethyl acetate-soluble extract of the leaves of Macaranga conifera using an in vitro activity-guided fractionation procedure based on the inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2. Also obtained were eight known compounds, 5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxy-8-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)flavanone (3), lonchocarpol A (4), sophoraflavanone B (5), 5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxy-8-(2-hydroxy-3-methylbut-3-enyl)flavanone (6), tomentosanol D (7), lupinifolinol (8), isolicoflavonol (9), and 20-epibryonolic acid (10). The structures of compounds 1 and 2 were determined using spectroscopic methods. All isolates were tested for their inhibitory effects against both cyclooxygenases-1 and -2, and selected compounds were evaluated in a mouse mammary organ culture assay.

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