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Med Biol Eng Comput. 2002 Sep;40(5):526-32.

Pneumothorax detection using computerised analysis of breath sounds.

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Biomedical Acoustics Research Group, Department of Pediatrics, Rush Medical College, Chicago, USA.


The primary objective of the study was to investigate the effects of pneumothorax (PTX) on breath sounds and to evaluate their use for PTX diagnosis. The underlying hypothesis is that there are diagnostic breath sound changes with PTX. An animal model was created in which breath sounds of eight mongrel dogs were acquired and analysed for both normal and PTX states. The results suggested that pneumothorax was associated with a reduction in sound amplitude, a preferential decrease in high-frequency acoustic components and a reduction in sound amplitude variation during the respiration cycle (p<0.01 for each, using the Wilcoxson signed-rank test). Although the use of diminished sound amplitude for PTX diagnosis assumes availability of baseline measurements, this appears unnecessary for high-frequency reduction or sound amplitude changes over the respiratory cycle. Further studies are warranted to test the clinical feasibility of the method in humans.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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