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Ai Zheng. 2002 Jun;21(6):663-7.

[Expression of NF-kappa B in human bladder cancer and its clinical significance].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Urology, First People's Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai 200080, P. R. China. xiedh@online.sh.cn

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE:

Studies on solid cancer(such as breast cancer, hepatocellular cancer, pancreatic cancer) indicated that the abnormal expression of nuclear transcription factor Kappa B (NF-kappa B) regulates angiogenesis and cyclin-related genes. This study was designed to investigate the expression differences of NF-kappa B and its regulated genes between human primary transitional cell carcinoma(TCCs) of bladder and non-cancer bladder mucosa and its clinical significance.

METHODS:

Forty-three frozen sections including 30 bladder cancer and 13 non-cancer bladder mucosa were subjected to immunohistochemistry and nucleus staining for determining levels of NF-kappa B family and I kappa B alpha; Five paired cancer and non-cancer specimens were subjected to Western blot for analysis p65, an important subtype of NF-kappa B; Thirteen paired specimens were subjected to RT-PCR for determination mRNA levels of p50, p52, p65, c-Rel, RelB, I kappa B alpha, CyclinD1, IL-8.

RESULTS:

Expressions of p50, p52, p65, c-Rel, RelB, I kappa B alpha, CyclinD1, IL-8 mRNAs in bladder cancer were higher than that in non-cancer bladder mucosa (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.05, P < 0.05, P < 0.05 and P < 0.05, respectively). Nucelus stainings of p50, p52, p65, c-Rel, RelB were also stronger in bladder cancer(P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.01 and P < 0.01, respectively). Moreover, p65 was expressed more in cancer tissue than that in non-cancer mucosa evidenced by Western blot. In bladder cancer, the ranking score differences of p52, p65, c-Rel protein between lymphatic metastasis group and non-lymphatic metastasis group were statistically significant (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.05, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Compared to noncancer bladder mucosa, expressions of NF-kappa B family and its regulated genes in bladder cancer are markedly higher. NF-kappa B may be related to lymphatic metastasis.

PMID:
12452071
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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