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Chromatographic methods for the determination of markers of chronic and acute alcohol consumption.

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Institute of Legal Medicine, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-University, Stiftsplatz 12, 53111 Bonn, Germany.


The development in chromatographic methods for the determination of markers of alcohol consumption is summarized in this review. The markers included in this article are ethanol in body fluids, ethanol congeners, fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs), ethyl glucuronide (EtG), cocaethylene (CE), carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT), phosphatidylethanol (PEth), 5-hydroxytryptophol (5-HTOL), dolichol, ketone bodies, acetaldehyde-protein adducts, and salsolinol (SAL). Some of these markers for alcohol consumption do not only indicate previous ethanol ingestion, but also approximate the amount of intake and the time when ethanol ingestion last occurred. Basic information about the procedures, work-up, and chromatographic conditions are summarized in tables. Also the main metabolic pathways and reaction schemes are demonstrated in figures. Some examples of typical applications are presented. The author points out that in many of the reviewed papers validation data of the procedures as well as specificities and sensitivities were not clearly presented and consequently were not comparable.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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