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Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2002 Sep-Oct;52(5):551-62.

[Cortical slow negative potentials during eye fixation and preparing of visually triggered saccades in a man].

[Article in Russian]

Author information

1
Department of Higher Nervous Activity, Lomonosov State University, Moscow.

Abstract

In 10 right-handed healthy subjects EEGs preceding saccades with mean latent periods were selectively averaged. Two standard schemes of visual stimulation were used: with immediate presentation of a peripheral target stimuli after the central fixation stimulus (a single step paradigm) and with the interval between the stimuli in 200 ms (GAP paradigm). Two waves of slow premotor negativity (early PMN1 and late PMN2) that appeared 930 +/- 79 and 609 +/- 82 ms, respectively, prior to a saccade onset were observed. The PMN2 was followed by the negative potentials N-3, N-2, and N-1 (saccadic initiation potential). It was found that in GAP stimulation condition the PMN1 was less pronounces and N-1 was increased as compared to the single step. These findings suggest that disengage of attention from the central point during the GAP period clears the saccadic system for decision making and initiation of a saccade. Under such conditions, the expectation of a visual target does not require a high level of nonspecific activation and motor attention.

PMID:
12449832
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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