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Planta. 2002 Dec;216(2):245-54. Epub 2002 Aug 27.

Cellular and subcellular localisation of glutamine synthetase and glutamate dehydrogenase in grapes gives new insights on the regulation of carbon and nitrogen metabolism.

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Unité de Nutrition Azotée des Plantes, INRA de Versailles, Route de Saint-Cyr, 78026 Versailles Cedex, France.


The subcellular localisation of glutamine synthetase (GS) and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) leaves and flowers was investigated using immunogold-labelling experiments. In mature leaf tissue or fully developed flowers, GS was visualised both in the cytosol and in the chloroplasts, a high proportion of the protein being present in the phloem companion cells. GDH was preferentially located in the mitochondria of the phloem companion cells in both leaves and flowers. This observation suggests that, in conjunction with GS, GDH plays a major role in controlling the translocation of organic carbon and nitrogen metabolites in both vegetative and reproductive organs. Significant amounts of GDH protein were also visualised in multivesicular bodies within the flower receptacle. Although the function of such organelles is still unknown, its is possible that the presence of GDH in such cellular structures is important for the recycling of carbon and nitrogen molecules in senescing tissues in which the enzyme is generally induced.

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