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Intensive Care Med. 2002 Dec;28(12):1718-23. Epub 2002 Oct 17.

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infection: risk factors and clinical outcome.

Author information

1
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 1 Shuai Fu Yuan, Beijing 100730, P R China. dubin98@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To study the risk factor for nosocomial bacteremia caused by Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and the influence on patient outcome.

DESIGN:

Retrospective, single-center study of consecutive bacteremic patients.

SETTINGS:

A university-affiliated teaching hospital.

PATIENTS:

A total of 85 patients with nosocomial bacteremia due to E. coli or K. pneumoniae were enrolled.

INTERVENTION:

None.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

The demographic characteristics and clinical information including treatment were recorded upon review of patients' records. The primary end point was hospital mortality. Twenty-seven percent of isolates produced ESBLs. Previous treatment with 3rd-generation cephalosporins was the only independent risk factor for bacteremia due to ESBL-producing pathogens [odds ratio (OR) 4.146, P=0.008]. Antibiotic treatment was considered appropriate in 71 cases (83%), and failed in 23 patients (27%). Twenty-one patients (25%) died in the hospital. Antibiotic treatment failure was the only independent risk factor for hospital mortality (OR 15.376, P=0.001). Inappropriate antibiotic treatment might lead to significantly higher mortality rate (7/14 vs 14/71, P=0.016). Patients treated with imipenem were more likely to survive while those receiving cephalosporin treatment tended to have a poorer outcome (1/19 vs 14/40, P=0.023).

CONCLUSIONS:

More judicious use of cephalosporins, especially 3rd-generation cephalosporins, may decrease ESBL-producing E. coli or K. pneumoniae bacteremia, and also improve patient outcome.

PMID:
12447513
DOI:
10.1007/s00134-002-1521-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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