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Intensive Care Med. 2002 Dec;28(12):1708-17. Epub 2002 Nov 1.

Prevention of severe Candida infections in nonneutropenic, high-risk, critically ill patients: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients treated by selective digestive decontamination.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Geneva Hospitals, 1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Infections caused by Candida spp. are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients and usually develop from endogenous colonization. We assessed the effectiveness of adding fluconazole to a selective digestive decontamination regimen to prevent candidal infections.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

We performed a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial among medical and surgical intensive care unit patients at a large university hospital.

PATIENTS:

All adult patients mechanically ventilated for at least 48 h with an expectation to remain so for at least an additional 72 h, and receiving selective decontamination of the digestive tract.

INTERVENTIONS:

Patients were randomly assigned fluconazole 100 mg daily (n=103) or placebo (n=101).

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

Candida infections occurred less frequently in the fluconazole group (5.8%) than in the placebo group (16%; rate ratio 0.35; Cl(95) 0.11-0.94). Some 90% of candidemia episodes occurred in the placebo group (rate ratio for fluconazole use 0.10; Cl(95) 0.02-0.74). The rate of treatment failure, development of candidal infection, or increased colonization, was 32% in the fluconazole group and 67% in the placebo group (P<0.001). Crude in-hospital mortality was similar in the two groups (39% fluconazole vs. 41% placebo).

CONCLUSIONS:

Prophylactic use of fluconazole in a selected group of mechanically ventilated patients at high risk for infection reduces the incidence of Candida infections, in particular candidemia.

PMID:
12447512
DOI:
10.1007/s00134-002-1540-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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