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J Biol Chem. 2003 Jan 31;278(5):3185-96. Epub 2002 Nov 21.

The requirement of specific membrane domains for Raf-1 phosphorylation and activation.

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  • 1Vollum Institute, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, L474 Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, Oregon 97201, USA.

Abstract

Activation of Raf-1 by Ras requires recruitment to the membrane as well as additional phosphorylations, including phosphorylation at serine 338 (Ser-338) and tyrosine 341 (Tyr-341). In this study we show that Tyr-341 participates in the recruitment of Raf-1 to specialized membrane domains called "rafts," which are required for Raf-1 to be phosphorylated on Ser-338. Raf-1 is also thought to be recruited to the small G protein Rap1 upon GTP loading of Rap1. However, this does not result in Raf-1 activation. We propose that this is because Raf-1 is not phosphorylated on Tyr-341 upon recruitment to Rap1. Redirecting Rap1 to Ras-containing membranes or mimicking Tyr-341 phosphorylation of Raf-1 by mutation converts Rap1 into an activator of Raf-1. In contrast to Raf-1, B-Raf is activated by Rap1. We suggest that this is because B-Raf activation is independent of tyrosine phosphorylation. Moreover, mutants that render B-Raf dependent on tyrosine phosphorylation are no longer activated by Rap1.

PMID:
12446733
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M207014200
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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