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J Biol Chem. 2003 Feb 7;278(6):3809-15. Epub 2002 Nov 24.

Dominant negative form of signal-regulatory protein-alpha (SIRPalpha /SHPS-1) inhibits tumor necrosis factor-mediated apoptosis by activation of NF-kappa B.

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Department of Virology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio 44195, USA.


Genetic suppressor element (GSE) methodology was applied to identify new genes controlling cell response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF). A retroviral library of randomly fragmented normalized cDNA from mouse fibroblasts was screened for GSEs capable of protecting NIH3T3 cells from TNF-induced apoptosis. The most abundant among isolated GSEs represented a fragment of cDNA encoding the C-terminal cytoplasmic region of the immunoglobulin family inhibitory receptor, SHPS-1 (mouse homologue of human SIRPalpha). Ectopic expression of this fragment (both from human and mouse versions) increased the NF-kappaB-dependent transcription in three cell lines tested; this effect could be reduced by the expression of full-length SIRPalpha, suggesting that the isolated GSE acts through a dominant negative mechanism. GSE-mediated activation of NF-kappaB depended on the presence of serum, was abrogated by wortmannin, and was associated with phosphorylation of PKB/Akt, suggesting that Akt mediates it. These data indicate that SIRPalpha/SHPS-1 is involved in negative regulation of NF-kappaB signaling.

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