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Endocrinology. 2002 Dec;143(12):4742-54.

Requirement for PIKfyve enzymatic activity in acute and long-term insulin cellular effects.

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Department of Physiology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA.


PIKfyve is a phosphoinositide 5-kinase that can also act as a protein kinase. PIKfyve's role in acute insulin action has been suggested on the basis of its association with the insulin stimulatable phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase and the ability of acute insulin to recruit and phosphorylate PIKfyve on intracellular membranes of 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Here we have examined several classical insulin-regulated long- and short-term responses in insulin-sensitive cells expressing high levels of either active PIKfyve or kinase-dead mutants with a dominant-negative effect. Up-regulation of PIKfyve protein expression was documented in the early stages of differentiation of cultured 3T3-L1 fibroblasts into adipocytes and a kinase-dead mutant, PIKfyveDeltaK, introduced into the preadipocyte stage profoundly delayed the hormone-induced adipogenesis. Next, insulin-induced mitogenesis was markedly inhibited in HEK293 stable cell lines, inducibly expressing the dominant-negative kinase-dead PIKfyve(K1831E) mutant but not in cells expressing PIKfyve(WT). Similarly, expression of the dominant negative mutants PIKfyve(K1831E) or PIKfyveDeltaK strongly inhibited insulin-stimulated translocation of GLUT4 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, or GLUT1-mediated glucose uptake in Chinese hamster ovary T cells expressing the human insulin receptor. Expression of PIKfyveDeltaK and PIKfyve(WT) in Chinese hamster ovary T cells decreased or increased, respectively, insulin-stimulated Akt phosphorylation at Ser473 but not at Thr308. Furthermore, a powerful inhibition of PIKfyve was documented at a very low concentration (ID(50) = 6 micro M) of the cell-permeable kinase inhibitor curcumin. When introduced into 3T3-L1 adipocytes, curcumin markedly inhibited insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation and glucose transport. Together these data indicate that PIKfyve enzymatic activity functions as a positive regulatory intermediate in insulin acute and long-term biological responses and identify Ser473 in Akt as one potential PIKfyve downstream target.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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