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Blood. 2003 Mar 15;101(6):2340-8. Epub 2002 Nov 21.

Comparison of anti-CD20 and anti-CD45 antibodies for conventional and pretargeted radioimmunotherapy of B-cell lymphomas.

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Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98109, USA.


Radiolabeled anti-CD20 antibodies produce responses in 60% to 95% of patients with relapsed non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL); however, absorbed radiation ratios between tumors and normal organs are relatively low, and many patients have relapses. In this study we compared the abilities of anti-CD45 (BC8) and anti-CD20 (1F5) antibodies to target human Ramos lymphoma xenografts in athymic mice. When direct radioiodination was performed with conventional methods, BC8 delivered 2- to 4-fold more radioiodine to tumors than 1F5, with tumor-to-normal organ ratios as high as 20:1 using radiolabeled BC8 compared with a maximal ratio of 9.8:1 using radioiodinated 1F5. To optimize the biodistribution of radioactivity, we performed studies following a pretargeting method using streptavidin (SA)-conjugated BC8 and 1F5. Injection of a synthetic clearing agent decreased the circulating level of conjugates by 80% to 90% within 1 hour. Pretargeting with BC8-SA resulted in a 2- to 4-fold greater tumor uptake of radiolabeled biotin than with 1F5-SA, with maximal tumor-to-normal organ ratios of more than 80:1 and approximately 16:1, respectively. Therapy experiments demonstrated that 400 microCi (14.8 MBq) or more of yttrium-90-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-biotin cured 100% of mice treated with BC8-SA and more than 90% of mice pretargeted with 1F5-SA, with complete remission occurring 8 to 10 days sooner in mice receiving BC8-SA. After treatment with 200 microCi (7.4 MBq) (90)Y-DOTA-biotin, 70% of the mice treated with BC8-SA were cured, but no mice were cured using 1F5-SA. Doses up to 800 microCi (29.6 MBq) (90)Y-DOTA-biotin were delivered with minor toxicity using either antibody conjugate. These lymphoma xenograft data suggest that pretargeted radioimmunotherapy using either anti-CD20 or anti-CD45 conjugates is highly effective and minimally toxic.

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