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Chronic myelogenous leukemia.

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  • 1University of Newcastle, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom.


The treatment options for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) continue to evolve rapidly. Imatinib mesylate (Gleevec, Glivec, formerly STI571) has continued to show remarkable clinical benefits and the updated results with this agent are reviewed. As relapses using single agent imatinib have occurred, particularly in advanced phase patients, the issue of whether combinations of other antileukemic agents with imatinib may yield improved results is addressed. In addition, data on new agents that have potential in the treatment of CML are reviewed. These agents are presented in the context of their molecular mechanism of action. The most recent data for stem cell transplantation, along with advances in nonmyeloablative transplants, are also reviewed. In Section I, Drs. Stephen O'Brien and Brian Druker update the current status of clinical trials with imatinib and review ongoing investigations into mechanisms of resistance and combinations of imatinib with other agents. They also present their views on integration of imatinib with other therapies. In Section II, Dr. Jorge Cortes describes the most recent data on novel therapies for CML, including farnesyl transferase inhibitors, arsenic trioxide, decitabine, and troxatyl, among others. These agents are discussed in the context of their molecular mechanism of action and rationale for use. In Section III, Dr. Jerald Radich updates the results of stem cell transplants for CML, including emerging data on nonmyeloablative transplants. He also presents data on using microarrays to stratify patients into molecularly defined risk groups.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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