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Biochem Pharmacol. 2002 Dec 15;64(12):1677-87.

Down-regulation of telomerase activity via protein phosphatase 2A activation in salvicine-induced human leukemia HL-60 cell apoptosis.

Author information

1
Division of Antitumor Pharmacology, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.

Abstract

Salvicine is a novel topoisomerase II inhibitor possessing significant antitumor activity, both in vitro and in vivo. The antitumor effect of salvicine is associated with its ability to induce tumor cell apoptosis. Telomerase plays an important role in the apoptotic pathway. However, little is known about the mechanisms of telomerase regulation during apoptosis induced by anticancer drugs. This study investigated the regulation of telomerase activity in salvicine-induced human leukemia HL-60 cell apoptosis. Salvicine treatment resulted in HL-60 cell apoptosis and down-regulation of telomerase activity in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Repression of telomerase activity preceded a decrease in expression of the telomerase catalytic subunit (hTERT) and telomerase-associated protein (TP1) at the mRNA level, suggesting that the salvicine-induced decrease in telomerase activity may be additionally regulated by mechanisms other than telomerase subunit transcription. We observed that okadaic acid (OA), a protein phosphatase inhibitor, prevented the induction of apoptosis and the down-regulation of telomerase activity by salvicine. The significant increase in protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activity induced by salvicine treatment was blocked completely by OA. Moreover, although salvicine induced HL-60 cell apoptosis in a caspase-3-dependent manner, a specific caspase-3 inhibitor, Z-DEVD-FMK, did not prevent a decrease in telomerase activity or an increase in PP2A activity in apoptotic HL-60 cells, ruling out a role for caspase-3 in PP2A activation by salvicine. The results collectively suggest that the salvicine-induced decline in telomerase activity is not a consequence of HL-60 cell apoptosis and that it may be caused principally by the dephosphorylation of telomerase components mediated by PP2A activation.

PMID:
12445857
DOI:
10.1016/s0006-2952(02)01424-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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