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Med Hypotheses. 2002 Dec;59(6):770-80.

Anticytokine therapy--new approach to the treatment of autoimmune and cytokine-disturbance diseases.

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Advanced Biotherapy Labs, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA.


We pioneered the theory (Nature, 1974) that hyperproduced interferons (cytokines) can bring autoimmune diseases (AD) and neutralizing these cytokines can be therapeutic. In 1975 we first performed successful anticytokine therapy using anti-IFN-alpha antibodies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In 1989 we proposed also treating AD including AIDS by removing TNF-alpha and IFN-alpha. Our theory has been widely confirmed: injections of IFN-alpha and -gamma can exacerbate AD, while antibodies to IFN-alpha and -gamma and TNF-alpha can be therapeutic. Anti-IFN-gamma may be a universal treatment for Th1 AD. We had good results using anti-IFN-gamma to treat RA, multiple sclerosis (MS), transplant rejection, alopecia areata, vitiligo, psoriatic arthritis, psoriasis and others. For Th1/Th2 diseases, antagonists to cortisol could prevent the Th1-Th2 shift and allow treatment as a Th1 disease. Anticytokine therapy can also be therapeutic in many neuropsychiatric diseases. Every disturbance of homeostasis may lead to cytokine disturbance. IL-10 may restore homeostasis by inhibiting the production of certain Th1 cytokines and could be used to treat some embryonic disturbances and AD including MS.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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