Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biosens Bioelectron. 2003 Jan;18(1):43-52.

A three-enzyme microelectrode sensor for detecting purine release from central nervous system.

Author information

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK.


As the purines, in particular adenosine, are important signaling agents in the nervous system we have devised a new biosensor for directly measuring their production in real time during physiological activity. Our amperometric adenosine biosensor is made by entrapping 3 enzymes (xanthine oxidase, purine nucleoside phosphorylase and adenosine deaminase) in a composite lactobionamide and amphiphillic polypyrrole matrix around a Pt microelectrode. The resulting sensors are small (25-100 microm diameter), fast responding (10-90% rise time, 2+/-0.23 s), sensitive (100-222 mA M(-1) cm(-2)) and stable (100% activity after 5 days). The sensor was used in vivo to demonstrate the spatial localization of release of adenosine from Xenopus embryo spinal cord during fictive swimming.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center