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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Mar;284(3):G399-410. Epub 2002 Nov 20.

Cholecystokinin secretagogue-induced gastroprotection: role of nitric oxide and blood flow.

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Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


This study was done to examine the role of CCK in gastric mucosal defense and to assess the gastroprotective roles of nitric oxide and blood flow. In rats, the CCK secretagogues oleate and soybean trypsin inhibitor augmented gastric mucosal blood flow and prevented gastric injury from luminal irritants. Type A CCK receptor blockade negated CCK secretagogue-induced gastroprotection and exacerbated gastric injury from bile and ethanol but did not block adaptive cytoprotection. CCK secretagogue-induced gastroprotection and hyperemia were negated by nonselective nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition (N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester) but not by selective inducible NOS inhibition (aminoguanidine). Gastric mucosal calcium-dependent NOS activity, but not calcium-independent NOS activity, was increased following CCK and CCK secretagogues. The release of endogenous CCK plays a role in the intrinsic gastric mucosal defense system against injury from luminal irritants. The protective mechanism appears to involve increased production of nitric oxide from primarily the constitutive isoforms of NOS and a resultant increase in blood flow.

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