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Prog Brain Res. 2002;137:361-9.

Nogo and the Nogo-66 receptor.

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Department of Neurology, Section of Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 208018, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.


Nogo has been identified as a component of central nervous system (CNS) myelin preventing axonal regeneration in the adult vertebrate CNS. Our previous analysis of Nogo-A demonstrated that an axon-inhibiting 66 aa domain is expressed at the extracellular surface and the endoplasmic reticulum lumen of transfected cells and oligodendrocytes. We have identified a brain-specific, leucine-rich repeat protein with high affinity for soluble Nogo-66. Cleavage of the Nogo-66 receptor from axonal surfaces renders neurons insensitive to Nogo-66. Nogo-66 receptor expression is sufficient to impart Nogo-66 axonal inhibition to unresponsive neurons. With identified ligand and receptor components, structure-function determinants for inhibition of axon regeneration can now be mapped. The relative contribution of Nogo, myelin-associated glycoprotein, chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan and oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein to myelin inhibition can be assessed. Blockade of Nogo-66 interaction with its receptor provides one potential avenue to promote axonal regeneration after adult mammalian CNS injury.

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