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Cytogenet Genome Res. 2002;97(1-2):20-7.

Ewing's tumour: novel recurrent chromosomal abnormalities demonstrated by molecular cytogenetic analysis of seven cell lines and one primary culture.

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Cancer Cell Unit, Hutchison/MRC Research Centre, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Cambridge, UK.


Conventional cytogenetics has led to the identification of the primary t(11;22)(q24;q12) translocation in the Ewing's family of tumours, and to the demonstration of certain recurring secondary aberrations that may contribute to neoplastic progression. Other important cytogenetic abnormalities may previously have been overlooked due to the limited resolution of chromosome banding. Here, we have applied the molecular cytogenetic techniques of spectral karyotyping, multiplex-fluorescence in situ hybridisation and comparative genomic hybridisation to the characterisation of seven Ewing's tumour cell lines and one primary culture. These complementary techniques have enabled us to produce a detailed description of the karyotypes of the cell lines and to demonstrate recurring numerical and structural abnormalities. In particular, we have identified a novel, unbalanced translocation involving chromosomes 16 and 17 in three of eight samples, including the primary culture. The unbalanced translocation was associated with comparative genomic hybridisation evidence of loss of 16q and 17p, copy number imbalances that were seen in five and four of the eight samples respectively. Recurrent breakpoints at 16p11.2, 16q11.1, 17p11.2 and 17q11.2 were identified. Our findings indicate that chromosomes 16 and 17 should be investigated further in the search for genes involved in the development of Ewing's family tumours.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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