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Cytogenet Genome Res. 2002;97(3-4):163-6.

Candidate gene analysis of KIAA0678 encoding a DnaJ-like protein for adolescent nephronophthisis and Senior-Løken syndrome type 3.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Freiburg, Germany.


Nephronophthisis (NPH), an autosomal recessive cystic kidney disease, causes progressive renal failure. The gene for adolescent nephronophthisis (NPHP3) has been mapped to chromosome 3q21-->q22. Senior-Løken syndrome (SLS) describes the association of NPH and Leber congenital amaurosis. Recently a locus for Senior-Løken syndrome (SLSN3) has been localized on chromosome 3q21-->q22 containing the whole critical NPHP3 region. Within the critical NPHP3/SLSN3 region we identified the gene KIAA0678 encoding a DnaJ-like protein. KIAA0678 was considered a good functional candidate gene for NPH3 and SLS3, because molecular cha- perones are involved in the etiology of renal and retinal diseases. Analysis of the genomic structure of KIAA0678 identified 25 exons. For mutational analysis all exons and intron-exon boundaries were amplified and directly sequenced. Affected individuals of two NPH3 families and one SLS family with haplotypes indicative for homozygosity by descent for the NPHP3/SLSN3 locus were studied. No mutation in KIAA0678 was detected. We conclude, KIAA0678 most likely is not responsible for NPH and SLS in the patients studied.

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