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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Dec;303(3):1171-9.

SSR240600 [(R)-2-(1-[2-[4-[2-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]acetyl]-2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-morpholinyl]ethyl]- 4-piperidinyl)-2-methylpropanamide], a centrally active nonpeptide antagonist of the tachykinin neurokinin-1 receptor: I. biochemical and pharmacological characterization.

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1
Sanofi-Synthélabo Recherche, Montpellier, France.

Abstract

The biochemical and pharmacological properties of a novel antagonist of the tachykinin neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor, SSR240600 [(R)-2-(1-[2-[4-[2-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]acetyl]-2-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-morpholinyl]ethyl]-4-piperidinyl)-2-methylpropanamide], were evaluated. SSR240600 inhibited the binding of radioactive substance P to tachykinin NK1 receptors in human lymphoblastic IM9 cells (K(i) = 0.0061 nM), human astrocytoma U373MG cells (K(i) = 0.10 nM), and human brain cortex (IC50 = 0.017 nM). It also showed subnanomolar affinity for guinea pig NK1 receptors but was less potent on rat and gerbil NK1 receptors. SSR240600 inhibited [Sar(9),Met(O2)(11)]substance P-induced inositol monophosphate formation in human astrocytoma U373MG cells with an IC50 value of 0.66 nM (agonist concentration of 100 nM). It also antagonized substance P-induced contractions of isolated human small bronchi with a pIC50 value of 8.6 (agonist concentration of 100 nM). The compound was >100- to 1000-fold more selective for tachykinin NK1 receptors versus tachykinin NK2 or NK3 receptors as evaluated in binding and in vitro functional assays. In vivo antagonistic activity of SSR240600 was demonstrated on tachykinin NK1 receptor-mediated hypotension in dogs (3 and 10 microg/kg i.v.), microvascular leakage (1 and 3 mg/kg i.p.), and bronchoconstriction (50 and 100 microg/kg i.v.) in guinea pigs. It also prevented citric acid-induced cough in guinea pigs (1-10 mg/kg i.p.), an animal model in which central endogenous tachykinins are suspected to play a major role. In conclusion, SSR240600 is a new, potent, and centrally active antagonist of the tachykinin NK1 receptor, able to antagonize various NK1 receptor-mediated pharmacological effects in the periphery and in the central nervous system.

PMID:
12438541
DOI:
10.1124/jpet.102.040162
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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