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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Oct;971:597-607.

Computational analysis of isoform-specific signal regulation by CEACAM1-A cell adhesion molecule expressed in PC12 cells.

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Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


CEACAM1 is a signal-regulating, homophilic cell adhesion receptor system expressed in epithelia, vessel endothelia, and leukocytes. Here, we demonstrate that CEACAM1 is expressed also in PC12 cells, both as the common transmembrane isoforms, CEACAM1-L and CEACAM1-S, and as a novel, secreted, differentially spliced isoform. CEACAM1 can have both positive and negative effects on cell signaling. In an attempt to explain this dual behavior, we have initiated computational analysis of the signal-regulating effects of CEACAM1. This suggests that CEACAM1 can exert its signal-regulating activities by discriminating between binding of Src kinases and SHP phosphatases, respectively. Major factors that regulate this discrimination are the expression levels and expression ratios of transmembrane CEACAM1-L and CEACAM1-S, the concentration of secreted CEACAM1, and homophilic binding of CEACAM1 presented by neighboring cells.

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