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Z Gastroenterol. 2002 Nov;40(11):937-43.

[Gastrointestinal side effects in the therapy of rheumatologic diseases].

[Article in German]

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Medizinische Poliklinik, Klinikum der Universität München - Innenstadt, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.


Antirheumatic drugs may lead to a number of relevant gastrointestinal complications. Symptomatical treatments with glucocorticoids and non steroidal antirheumatic drugs (NSAD) are known to induce gastric or duodenal ulcers, above all under combination therapies. Side effects of DMARD's (methotrexate, leflunomide, hydroxy/chloroquine, sulfasalazine) include unspecifical gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea, vomiting and diarrhea as well as induction of ulcerative mucosal lesions (methotrexate) and occurrence of a hepatopathy. The latter may appear as an asymptomatical elevation of liver transaminases or cholestase parameters, but can also lead, in some cases of a monothera-py (hydroxy-/chloroqine, sulfasalazine) or combination therapy (methotrexate + leflunomide) to a fulminant hepatitis. TNF-alpha-inhibiting drugs (etanercept, infliximab) as a new generation of anti-inflammatory therapeutics don't have relevant gastrointestinal side effects according recently published data.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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