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FEBS Lett. 2002 Nov 20;531(3):421-6.

Induction of differentiation rescues HL-60 cells from Rana catesbeiana ribonuclease-induced cell death.

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Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, 114, Taipei, Taiwan.


Rana catesbeiana ribonuclease (RC-RNase) exerted strong anti-tumor activity and its cytotoxicity was shown to correlate with differentiation stages of three different hepatoma cell lines. In this study, we demonstrate different RC-RNase cytotoxicity in undifferentiated HL-60 cells and in those that had been induced to differentiate by retinoic acid or dimethylsulfoxide. RC-RNase showed cytotoxicity in undifferentiated HL-60 cells, but not in HL-60 cells undergoing terminal differentiation. Furthermore, the caspase-9/caspase-3 pathway was activated when RC-RNase induced death in undifferentiated HL-60 cells and induction of differentiation led to a reversal of the caspase activation pathway.

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