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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Nov 22;299(1):142-7.

Key amino acids for differential coupling of alpha1-adrenergic receptor subtypes to Gs.

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Department of Molecular, Cell Pharmacology, National Center for Child Health and Development Research Institute, 3-35-31 Taishido, Setagaya-Ku, 154-8509, Tokyo, Japan.


We have established that differing effects of alpha1-adrenergic receptor (AR) subtypes on cell proliferation are due to differential coupling to the Gs/cAMP pathway; thus, both alpha1A- and alpha1B-ARs couple to Gs, while alpha1D-AR does not. To identify the region responsible for this difference in subtype-specific Gs coupling, we constructed a series of chimeric and a set of point-mutated human alpha1A- and alpha1D-ARs, and examined their signaling ability. Here, we show that the amino acid residues Thr 136 and Val138 in the intracellular loop II of the human alpha1A-AR are intimately involved with Gs coupling.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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