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Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Nov 15;30(22):e127.

Improving DNA array data quality by minimising 'neighbourhood' effects.

Author information

1
GPC Biotech AG, Fraunhoferstrasse 20, D-82152, Planegg/Martinsried, Germany.

Abstract

Gene expression studies using cDNA arrays require robust and sensitive detection methods. Being extremely sensitive, radioactive detection suffers from the influence of signals positioned in each other's vicinity, the 'neighbourhood' effect. This limits the gene density of arrays and the quality of the results obtained. We have investigated the quantitative influence of different parameters on the 'neighbourhood' effect. By using a model experimental system, we could show that the effect is linear and depends only on the intensity of the hybridisation signal. We identified a common factor that can describe the influence of the neighbour spots based on their intensities. This factor is <1%, but it has to be taken into account if a high dynamic range of gene expression is to be detected. We could also derive the factor, although with less precision, from comparison of duplicate spots on arrays of 4565 different clones and replication of the hybridisation experiments. The calculated coefficient applied to our actual experimental results not only revealed previously undetected tissue or cell-specific expression differences, but also increased the dynamic range of detection. It thus provides a relatively simple way of improving DNA array data quality with few experimental modifications.

PMID:
12434009
PMCID:
PMC137184
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gnf127
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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