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Immunity. 2002 Nov;17(5):665-76.

Cooperative and antagonistic interplay between PU.1 and GATA-2 in the specification of myeloid cell fates.

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Department of Pharmacology and Physiological Sciences, The University of Chicago, IL 60637, USA.


PU.1 and GATA transcription factors appear to antagonize each other's function in the development of distinct lineages of the hematopoietic system. In contrast, we demonstrate that PU.1, like GATA-2, is essential for the generation of mast cells. PU.1-/- hematopoietic progenitors can be propagated in IL-3 and differentiate into mast cells or macrophages upon restoration of PU.1 activity. Using these progenitors and a conditionally activatable PU.1 protein, we show that PU.1 can negatively regulate expression of the GATA-2 gene. In the absence of GATA-2, PU.1 promotes macrophage but not mast cell differentiation. Reexpression of GATA-2 in such progenitors enables the generation of mast cells. We propose a developmental model in which cooperative function or antagonistic crossregulation by PU.1 of GATA-2 promotes distinct myeloid cell fates.

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