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J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2002 Sep;4(5):495-501.

The general stress protein Ctc of Bacillus subtilis is a ribosomal protein.

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Lehrstuhl für Mikrobiologie, Institut für Mikrobiologie, Biochemie und Genetik der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany.


Cells respond to stress conditions by synthesizing general or specific stress proteins. The Ctc protein of Bacillus subtilis belongs to the general stress proteins. The synthesis of Ctc is controlled by an alternative sigma factor of RNA polymerase, sigmaB. Sequence analyses revealed that Ctc is composed of two domains, an N-terminal domain similar to the ribosomal protein L25 of Escherichia coli, and a C-terminal domain. The similarity of the N-terminal domain of Ctc to L25 suggested that Ctc might be a ribosomal protein in B. subtilis. The function of the C-terminal domain is unknown. We purified Ctc to homogeneity and used the pure protein to raise antibodies. Western blot analyses demonstrate that Ctc is induced under stress conditions and can be found in ribosomes of B. subtilis. As observed for its E. coli counterpart L25, Ctc is capable of binding 5S ribosomal RNA in a specific manner. The stress-specific localization of Ctc in B. subtilis ribosomes and the sporulation defect of ctc mutants at high temperatures suggest that Ctc might be required for accurate translation under stress conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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