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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2003 Mar;284(3):C705-17. Epub 2002 Nov 13.

Topographic requirements and dynamics of signaling via L-selectin on neutrophils.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Davis 95616, USA.


Cross-linking of L-selectin on leukocytes signals phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) leading to activation of CD18 function and enhanced transmigration on inflamed endothelium. We examined how alterations in the topography of L-selectin correlate with the dynamics of CD18 activation and phosphorylation of MAPK. Simultaneous ligation of humanized antibodies DREG55 and DREG200 provided a strategy for regulating the extent of cross-linking. Triggering of CD11b/CD18 upregulation and adhesion required clustering of L-selectin to microvillus-sized patches of approximately 0.2 microm(2). Immunofluorescence revealed that L-selectin was colocalized with high-affinity CD18. Anti-L-selectin-coated protein A microspheres indicated that a single site of contact to a 5.5-microm bead, or multiple contacts to 0.94- or 0.3-microm beads, elicited maximum neutrophil activation. Adhesion signaled via L-selectin coincided with the kinetics of MAPK phosphorylation and was inhibited by blocking p38 or p42/44 activity. These data demonstrate the capacity of L-selectin to transduce signals effecting rapid ( approximately 1 s) neutrophil adhesion that is regulated by the size and frequency of receptor clustering.

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